Back in 1991 a group of hikers hiking in the Öztal Alps, between Austria and Italy, found a man frozen in the ice.  Because he was preserved so well they thought that he had only been dead a short time.

Once thawed and examined by archeologist it was found that he was 5,100 to 5,350 years old.

Forty-seven markings were clearly tattoos on his back and legs.   The locations of the markings were on or near acupuncture points used for treating back and leg pain.  X-ray of the Iceman showed osteoarthrosis that may have responded to acupuncture.

Also found was a medicine kit that contained natural remedies along with mushrooms that were known for having antibiotic properties. 

Acupuncture is believed to have originated in China 2,000 to 3,000 years ago. Now, some scientists’ think that acupuncture was practiced 5,300 years ago a long, long way from China.

For more information about the Iceman go to http://www.roebuckclasses.com/101/Lectures/prehistory/iceman.htm